In a recent article on the Medical News Today website, a healthcare professional discussed the common causes and triggers associated with eczema flare-ups. Author Rachel Nall, MSN, CRNA, discussed various factors that may cause or worsen an eczema flare-up, such as allergens, perspiration, and cold weather. The author also noted that if affected individuals can identify potential triggers, this knowledge could enable them to avoid or better manage eczema flare-ups.  
The article discussed the nine most common causes of eczema flare-ups, including irritants, water exposure, stress, dry air and heat, dry skin, hormonal changes, microbes such as the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus and a yeast known as Malassezia, perspiration, and allergens including food allergies, hay fever, or asthma. Suggested measures to prevent or reduce eczema exacerbations included using gentle, fragrance-free soaps suitable for sensitive skin and barrier creams or moisturizers/emollients that contain ceramides. 

When selecting a moisturizer, the author counseled, consumers should look for OTC products that have the National Eczema Association's Seal of Acceptance on the product label. The author advised that patients who present with a type of eczema that is caused by bacteria, a virus, or a fungus seek care from their primary healthcare provider to treat the infection. Additionally, the author noted that patients with dandruff or itchy, flaky skin should try using an OTC antifungal shampoo to see if this resolves the symptom.  

Other measures to prevent or reduce eczema flare-ups include wearing clothing made of natural, breathable fabric, implementing measures to reduce stress, if possible, and establishing a daily skin-care regimen to cleanse and moisturize the skin. The author recommended that patients immediately seek medical care if they are exhibiting signs of a dermatologic infection, if the eczema flare-ups worsen, and if symptoms are not responding to self-treatment or other typical treatments. Pharmacists can be instrumental in assisting patients in the selection of OTC skin-care products most beneficial for use in those with eczema. 

The content contained in this article is for informational purposes only. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional advice. Reliance on any information provided in this article is solely at your own risk.

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